If we take into account their severity, they may be classified as manor and minor disasters. It cannot avert the situation, but can mitigate its impacts. Be it earthquake in Gujarat in and Lattur in or cyclone of Orissa in or Tsunami inthey cause immense loss of human life and leave a trail of human tragedy that the society is yet to recover from.
Even if climate change was not a factor, scientists tell us that disasters are getting more destructive as people are more exposed to floods and other such events. Wularlake near Sopore also presents a natural water-storage option.
Industry and growing metropolises could use the hydropower generated in Kashmir. In this situation the health care and hospitals are also put under severe stress. It is the duty of local health department to control diseases by providing free medical help to the suffering people.
But it needs much more sustained efforts to come out with a well-thought out strategy and response to minimize the colossal damage caused by disasters whenever a calamity has struck, for instance tsunami and Uttarakhand floods in recent times.
DDMA will also ensure that the guidelines for prevention, mitigation, preparedness and response measures laid down by the NDMA and the SDMA are followed by all departments of the State Government at the district level and the local authorities in the district.
The disaster management bodies were not able to do anything to prevent deaths. Such as urban and forest fires, oil spill, mine flooding incidents, collapse of huge building structures, bomb blasts, air, road and rail mishaps, boat capsizing and stampede during congregations.
But the state is vulnerable during intense precipitation, the incidence of which is likely to increase if global climate change patterns replicate themselves in the Himalayan region and intensify extreme weather conditions.
The third part has them near tears, seeing the horrific deaths and destruction. Such an earthquake could severely affect an area of about km radius or more.
It is not just one wave; it is a train of waves generated in any large body of water by a disturbance of seismic volcanic or even cosmic origin. The major disasters such as tsunami in Asia inHurricane Katrina in U. The most vulnerable sections in these disasters are the poor.
At central level, an administrative ministry has been identified as nodal agency for each disaster to coordinate the activities of disaster management operations at different levels.
In fact its effort and commitment are getting more complex, requiring proper coordination among various agencies. This involves the coordination, command, and full control, rapid assessment of damage, restoration of power, telecommunication and surface transport, the deployment of search and rescue teams, medicals and para-medical teams, water for drinking and food material, setting up of temporary shelters, sanitation and hygiene identification and earmarking of resources, last but not the least, maintenance of law and order is equally important.
Indrought prone parts of Rajasthan experienced floods. A hazard is a natural or manmade damaging event which is beyond the effective control of human being, whereas the disaster is the sum total of consequences of natural hazard due to vulnerability of people or regions subject to hazard.
But, political interest in these construction projects, and failures of the planning process, mean construction continues as usual.
But most of the rapidly growing disasters are caused by humans, making their land more prone to floods, and themselves more vulnerable. However, different disciplines have different perceptions about drought.
Hence it is necessary to mobilize them towards preparedness. During the second part, they are in awe to see the collapse of structures. Under Constitutional Position, Union List includes: National Policy on Disaster Management North-west and North-East, where the incidence of landslides is the highest.
At the occurrence of disaster, everything goes haywire in view of the destruction of lifeline support systems, namely communication, power supply, water supply, drainage, etc. In the district level the District Disaster Management Authority will be headed by the District Collector, Deputy Commissioner or District Magistrate as the case may be, with the elected representative of the local authority as the Co- Chairperson.
Water and Climate Disaster:. Disaster management in India National disaster management authority (NDMA) is the apex body which is mandated to lay down the policies and guidelines for disaster management to ensure timely an effective response towards disasters.
Essay # 1. Introduction to Disaster: India is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world.
Its location and geographical features render it vulnerable to a number of natural hazards including cyclones, droughts, floods, earthquakes, forest fires, landslides and avalanches. Disaster management comes into light as India has suffered great loss of life and property in the past.
Disaster management is a very important process which can be defined as proactive measures to mitigate loss of life and property, measures to rescue, relief, rehabilitation and recovery. Disaster management can be defined as the organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies, in particular preparedness, response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters.
Disaster management occupies an important place in this country’s policy framework as it is the poor and the under-privileged who are worst affected on account of calamities/disasters.
The Valley also recorded major floods at the turn of the century, with the most devastating one coming 10 years after the disaster.
The floods, which in the day were classified as the “greatest flood ever known”, came down the Valley and Srinagar on 23 Julyconverting the city into “a whole lake”.Essays on disaster management in india